L.P.H. Resource Center

On-Line Courses for 2014-2015

SCIENCE: THE INTERNET newrbb.gif

This is a 10-week course, like the 2 alphabet courses and the art projects and poetry and Compline courses.

This course shows how the Internet works. It explains how your computer goes out and asks for data and how that data is sent back to your computer from a far-away computer server somewhere in the world.

Most of the emphasis is on the World Wide Web protocol, since that is the thing that most people use most of the time on the Internet. That's what you're using right now! There are other things the Internet does too, like email, streaming audio and video, voice-over-IP phone calls, storage "in the cloud", and other things, and they're mentioned in this course too.

There are activities included in the lessons in this course too, just like the Science Projects course, but not for every lesson.
1 Origin of the Internet 5 Data Packets 9 Html
2 Modem 6 Server & Client 10 Web Page
3 IP Address 7 World Wide Web
4 DNS 8 Viruses and Botnets

PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY

In my state, Pennsylvania, homeschoolers are required to learn Pennsylvania State History. I had a request to add a course on Pennsylvania History because none of the resources available provide a Catholic-based history of the state. So I decided to add that for next year, even though this would probably be of less interest to people in other states or other countries.

No other materials are required, though a map of Pennsylvania would be helpful.

1 Indians 12 Coal 23 Johnstown Flood
2 First Settlers 13 Diocese of Pittsburgh 24 Diocese of Altoona-Johnstown
3 Quakers 14 Know-Nothings 25 Pennsylvania Turnpike
4 William Penn 15 St. John Neumann 26 ENIAC
5 After William Penn 16 Diocese of Erie 27 Declining Industry
6 Fort Duquesne 17 President Buchanan 28 Diocese of Greensburg
7 Pennsylvania Dutch & Amish 18 Civil War 29 Diocese of Allentown
8 Revolutionary War 19 Diocese of Harrisburg 30 Bicentennial
9 Early American Pennsylvania 20 Diocese of Scranton 31 Eucharistic Conference
10 Diocese of Philadelphia 21 Centennial 32 Homeschooling in Pennsylvania
11 Railroads 22 St. Katherine Drexel

POETRY (scansion)

This is a 10-week course, like the 2 alphabet courses, the art projects course, and the religion:compline course.

This poetry course deals with scansion (finding the metric rhythm of verses of poetry). Rhythm is just as important to poetry as it is to music or dance. It is necessary to have a sense of rhythm in order to read poetry correctly, and to appreciate it, just as a person cannot play music without rhythm.

Some people have a natural feel for poetic rhythm. But even then, it's helpful to have an understanding of it, in case they run across something that doesn't scan easily. And if a person doesn't have a natural sense of poetic rhythm, it's something that's not too hard to learn!

There are a lot of difficult, Greek-based technical terms in scansion. This course will keep that to a minimum, and there will be plenty of audio so pronouncing the terms should not be a problem.

Poetry in other languages is often very different from English. The course will end with looking at how poetry works in some other languages. It is not necessary to know any Latin or the Hebrew alphabet when we get to lessons on poetry in those languages (though students will obviously get more out of those lessons if they've already taken the Latin or Hebrew Alphabet classes here).

This are a couple example of how much of a difference rhythm makes:
An example of poetry read without rhythm:

The same thing read with the proper rhythm:
Another example of poetry read without rhythm:

The same thing read with the proper rhythm:

The only requirement for this course is that the student must know how to divide words into syllables, and be able to find the accent.

Lessons in this course:

1 Accents 5 Ballad Meter 9 Hebrew Verse
2 Feet 6 5 Beats: Pentameter 10 Other Languages
3 Dimeter & Trimeter 7 Other Meters
4 4 Beats: Tetrameter 8 Latin Verse

History of the Early Church & Dark Ages

This class fills in the gap between the Ancient History & Bible History courses, and the Medieval History course.

This was a time of some of the greatest heroes and villains of all time. There were truly great men like Pope Leo the Great, 'Santa Claus', and Constantine, and men of incredible evil, like Nero, Julian the Apostate, and Arius.

Most of the course concentrates on the history of the Church in the years between Apostolic Times and the Middle Ages, but also includes a lot about the barbarian conquest of the Roman Empire before the Middle Ages. That's why the title of the course is the history of the Early Church and Dark Ages.

Lessons in this course:

1 Apostolic Times 12 Successors of Constantine; Julian the Apostate 23 Other Barbarians
2 First Popes 13 St. Nicholas 24 St. Leo the Great
3 The Mass 14 Council of Constantinople 25 St. Augustine & St. Jerome
4 Fall of Jerusalem 15 St. Augustine & St. Jerome 26 Ireland
5 Pagans 16 St. Patrick 27 Asia
6 Gnostics 17 Barbarians 28 Council of Chalcedon
7 Roman Renaissance persecutions 18 Franks 29 Fall of Rome
8 Asceticism & Anchorites 19 Goths 30 Clovis
9 Catecombs 20 Huns 31 St. Benedict
10 Constantine & Edict of Milan 21 Vandals 32 The End of the Dark Ages
11 Arian Heresy & St. Athanasius 22 Britons

RELIGION: COMPLINE

This is a 10-week course, like the 2 alphabet courses and the art projects course.

This course teaches how Compline, the official liturgical Night Prayers of the Church, are said or sung.

It is best to do this course after having completed the Latin course here! Compline is in Latin. All the prayers are fully explained and translated, so it is possible to do this course without completing the Latin course first. However, there will be parts that may not be clear without some knowledge of the Latin language.

Compline here is according to the 1962 rubrics for the Roman Rite. But there is also some mention of the Benedictine form of Compline, which is somewhat different in parts.

Lessons in this course:

1 What is Compline 5 Psalms - Thursday,Friday,Saturday 9 Marian Anthems
2 The Beginning Prayers 6 Hymn 10 Variants
3 Psalms - Sunday 7 Gospel Canticle
4 Psalms - Monday,Tuesday,Wednesday 8 Marian Anthems

LOGIC

  • All dogs are animals.
  • All cats are animals.
  • Therefore, all dogs are cats.
This is not true, of course! But why is it wrong? Where is the logical error in this argument and what is its name?

This is a simple course on the Logic of Aristotle, which was also used by St. Thomas Aquinas.

The first half of the year will be on formal logic, and the second half of the year on informal logic.

Logic is a very difficult subject, but this course will be simple enough for young people. There will be Latin words and phrases, but no knowledge of Latin is needed because they will all be explained.

There will be a good amount of humor in the course, as well as examples of how people can arrive at wrong ideas in religion (such as superstitions) because of bad logic.

Lessons in this course:

1 What is logic? 12 obversion 23 Non Sequitur (doesn't follow): Ignoratio Elenchi
2 the syllogism 13 contraposition 24 Non Sequitur (doesn't follow): Straw Man
3 all+all 14 paradox 25 ad misericordiam (to mercy)
4 all+none 15 definitions 26 ad ignorantiam (to ignorance)
5 some+all 16 computer logic 27 Circulus in demonstrando (circular)
6 some+none 17 informal (material) fallacies 28 Dicto simpliciter (said simply)
7 invalid 18 ad Hominem (to the man) 29 ad antiquitatem (to antiquity)
8 the undistributed middle 19 ad Verecundiam (to respect) 30 Non Causa Pro Causa (not cause for cause)
9 square of opposition 20 post hoc propter hoc (after this because of this) 31 ad Speculum (to an image)
10 subjects & predicates 21 ad accentum (to the accent) 32 ad logicam (to logic)
11 conversion 22 ad numerum/ad Populum (to the people)

This is a 10-week course, like the 2 alphabet courses.

These are art projects that were done at the LPH Resource Center when it was in Pottstown, PA in 1992-93.

Most of the projects require nothing more than paper, pencil, eraser, ruler, and pen.

The other materials that will be needed for some projects are: ribbon, toothpicks, scissors, gumdrops, glue, and heavy cardboard or thin pieces of wood about the size of index cards. When these extra materials are needed, they will be listed in the previous week's lesson so you will have an extra week to get them.

There won't be any grade average available for this course since there will not be any quizzes.

(The first week's lesson requires a pen, paper, pencil, and eraser.)

Lessons in this course:

1 Snowflake Curve 5 Patterns 2 9 Jacob's Ladder
2 Labyrinth 6 Celtic Knots 10 Towers
3 Mazes 7 Tangrams
4 Patterns 8 Magic Trick

MEDIEVAL HISTORY

This course covers the Middle Ages, which is considered, for this class, to be from the time of Pope Gregory the Great until the Hundred Years' War and the Black Death (very roughly, the 6th through 14th century).

The course will cover both religious and secular aspects of this period. The emphasis will be on the history of the Church in this period.

The class is mostly in chronological order, except when there are events that cover a long period of time (such as the Spanish Reconquista, the Crusades, Feudalism).

A map would be helpful, to locate some of the places discussed in the course. But no materials are required for this course.

Lessons in this course:

1 Before the Middle Ages 12 Norman Conquest of England    23 Inquisition
2 Pope St. Gregory the Great 13 Pope Gregory VII 24 Great Interregnum
3 Islam 14 Crusades 25 Marco Polo & China
4 Pelayo and the Reconquista 15 Feudalism 26 St.Thomas Aquinas
5 Carolingians 16 Medieval Sciences 27 Council of Lyon
6 Charlemagne 17 Medieval Art 28 Avignon Papacy
7 Vikings 18 Medieval Music 29 Great Schism
8 Cluniac Reform 19 St. Bernard 30 Hundred Years' War
9 Otto & the Holy Roman Empire    20 King Henry II 31 Black Death
10 Conversion of the Barbarians 21 St. Francis and St. Dominic 32 After the Middle Ages   
11 Greek Schism 22 King St. Louis IX

RELIGION: THE MASS ( Missal of 1962 )

This is a course on the Mass according to the Missal of 1962 (i.e. Tridentine Mass, Latin Mass, Indult Mass). It goes through each individual part of the Mass, describing and explaining what is going on along with a little history of most parts.

This course would be most useful to those who attend an indult Mass or a Mass at an FSSP parish.
It may also be interesting to kids who go to the Novus Ordo Mass but would be interested in learning the history of the Mass; some parts would be applicable to the Novus Ordo, but not many.

It is not necessary to know any Latin before studying this course, but it may be helpful. A 1962 (or earlier) missal is recommended but is not necessary.

Lessons in this course:

1 Vesting Prayers 12 Chants between the Readings: Tract & Sequence 23 Breaking of the Bread
2 Some prayers before Mass 13 Gospel 24 Angus Dei
3 Prayers at the Foot of the Altar 14 Creed 25 Prayers before Communion
4 Confiteor 15 Offertory, Lavabo 26 Communion
5 Psalm 42 16 'Pray, Brethren' & Secret 27 Prayers of the Purifications
6 Introit 17 Preface 28 Communion & Post-Communion verses
7 Kyrie 18 Sanctus 29 'Ite Missa Est' & Final Blessing
8 Gloria 19 Canon up to the Consecration 30 Last Gospel
9 'The Lord be with you', Collect, & Amen 20 Canon to the Memorial of the Dead 31 Leonine prayers
10 Lessons (Epistle) 21 rest of the Canon 32 Some prayers after Mass
11 Chants between the Readings: Gradual & Alleluia 22 Our Father

MATH: FRACTIONS

eighths.gif Sometimes the part of math that some homeschoolers have difficulty with is when it comes to working with fractions. This course covers just about everything that would be done with fractions in elementary school, in a simple, structured system.
I developed this system while tutoring a couple of the children of the mother who had started the LPH Resource Center with me in 1992.

Since this is only one aspect of math, families may want to use this to supplement another math course or along with other math lessons being done at the same time.
Some cardboard is recommended for the first lesson, otherwise no other materials are needed for this course.

Lessons in this course:

1 Visual Fractions 12 Prime Factoring 23 Adding with Different Denominators
2 Adding with the Same Denominator 13 Lowest Terms by Prime Factors 24 Subtracting with Different Denominators
3 Subtracting with the Same Denominator 14 Converting Mixed Numbers to Improper Fractions 25 Comparison
4 Remaining Fractions 15 Converting Improper Fractions to Mixed Numbers 26 Decimals and Tenths
5 Multiplying Fractions 16 Multiplying Mixed Numbers 27 Decimals to Hundredths and Thousandths
6 Cancelling 17 Dividing Mixed Numbers 28 Changing Other Fractions to Decimals
7 Dividing Fractions 18 Adding Mixed Numbers 29 Changing Decimals to Fractions
8 Equivalent Fractions 19 Adding Mixed Numbers with Carry 30 Basic Decimal Equivalents
9 Lowest Terms by Division 20 Subtracting Mixed Numbers 31 Changing Fractions to Percents
10 Lowest Terms by Greatest Common Factor 21 Subtracting Mixed Numbers with Borrow 32 Using Percents
11 Prime Numbers 22 Lowest Common Multiple

GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICA AND THE PACIFIC

mali.gif This covers the geography of Africa and the islands of the Pacific (the countries not covered in the other 2 L.P.H. geography courses). The countries are looked at from a Catholic point of view. kangaroo

A world map is needed for this course. Maps are shown in the lessons of the countries, but you need a world map for a good understanding of the exact location of each country in Africa and the Pacific. It should be a recent world map (no more than a few years old).

Lessons in this course:

1 Egypt, Libya 12 Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya 23 Kiribati, Palmyra Atoll, Howland Island, Baker Island
2 Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco 13 Tanzania, Burundi 24 Tuvalu, Tokelau, Wallis and Futuna Islands
3 Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso 14 Mozambique, Malawi 25 Samoa, American Samoa, Tonga, Niue
4 Senegal, Gambia, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau 15 Madagascar, Comoros 26 Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, Kermadec Island
5 Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia 16 Seychelles, Mauritius, Reunion, Mayotte 27 Fiji, French Polynesia, Cook Islands, Pitcairn Island
6 Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin 17 Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana 28 Western Australia
7 Niger, Nigeria 18 Angola, Cabinda, Namibia 29 Central Australia
8 Camaroon, Chad, Sudan, South Sudan 19 South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland 30 Eastern Australia, Tasmania
9 Somali, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti 20 Northern Mariana Islands, Wake Island, Guam, Marshall Islands 31 New Zealand-North Island
10 Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Principe, Gabon 21 Palau, Micronesia, Nauru 32 New Zealand-South Island, Chatham Island
11 Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo 22 Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands

ANCIENT HISTORY

The L.P.H. Ancient History Course covers all the major civilizations from Adam & Eve up until the Birth of Christ.

They are all presented from a Catholic perspective, with frequent Biblical references to events and civilizations which have had an impact on Salvation History.

There are maps and examples of the writings of ancient peoples. Ancient cultures, literature, art, religions and myths, and environments are considered.

There are also enjoyable activities included to enhance the learning of ancient civilizations.

A current world map is required for this course, as well as a Bible.

Lessons in this course:

1 Prehistoric Man 12 China: Han Dynasty 23 Macedonia
2 Mesopotamia 13 Phoenicia & Carthage 24 Greek Myths
3 Sumer & Akkad 14 Hebrews 25 Celts
4 Early Egypt 15 North of Mesopotamia   26 Etruscans
5 Egypt: The New Kingdom 16 Lydia & Phrygia 27 Roman Monarchy & Republic  
6 Late Egypt 17 Assyria 28 Roman Myths & Literature
7 Egyptian Mythology 18 Babylonia 29 Punic Wars
8 Minoan & Mycenaean Civilizations   19 Persia 30 Roman Empire
9 India 20 Early Greece 31 Augustus
10 China: Shang Dynasty 21 Athens
11 China: Jou & Chin Dynasties 22 Sparta

BIBLE HISTORY

This is a course in the History of Salvation in the Bible, from the story of Creation, through the spread of the Catholic Church by the Apostles.

Protestants often have a more thorough knowledge of the Bible than Catholics do. It should not be that way.

The Bible is considered in this course to be just as accurate (if not more accurate) as any historical records which has ever been written. The course takes a very traditional view of the Bible, such as the accuracy of the story of Creation and the writing of all of St. Paul's Epistles by St. Paul himself.

The goal is to have some knowledge of the books of the Old and New Testaments of the Bible.

This course requires a Catholic Bible. The course uses the chapter and verse numbering according to the Douay-Rheims or Confraternity version of the Bible.

The lessons usually use the newer (Hebrew-based) spellings of names, since they are closer to the original names and easier to pronounce, but alternate spellings are often included for students using older Bibles.

Lessons in this course:

1 Creation 12 King David 23 Birth of Jesus
2 Noah 13 King Solomon and the Temple 24 Childhood of Jesus
3 Abraham 14 Division of Israel & Judah 25 Life of Jesus
4 Isaac & Jacob 15 Elijah & Elisha 26 Crucifixion & Resurrection  
5 Joseph in Egypt 16 Destruction of Israel 27 The Gospels
6 Moses & the Exodus 17 Minor Prophets 28 Acts of the Apostles
7 10 Commandments 18 Kings of Judah, & Isaiah 29 The Early Church
8 Joshua & the Fall of Jericho   19 Fall of Judah, & Jeremiah 30 St. Paul
9 Judges, & Ruth 20 Ezekiel & Daniel 31 Letters of St. Paul
10 Samuel & King Saul 21 Return to Judah & Maccabees  
11 David & Goliath 22 Roman Rule in Christ's Time

U.S. HISTORY

This is a survey of American History. It begins with the prehistoric American Indians, and ends with the 1990's.

The course teaches the history of the American government, the history of the Catholic Church in America, and other important events in American history, up to the end of the 20th century.
It takes a strictly Catholic point of view: e.g. The true heroes of American history are the American saints rather than Freemasons even if they were important Founding Fathers of the U.S., and what is good for the Catholic Church is good for the country and what is harmful to the Catholic Church is harmful to the country.

No other materials are required, though a map of the United States would be very helpful for seeing where various events took place.

Lessons in this course:

1 American Indians 12 Constitution 23 Causes of World War I
2 Pre-Columbian visits to America 13 The Amendments 24 World War I
3 Christopher Columbus 14 Diocese of Baltimore 25 Boom & Depression
4 Spanish Explorers, Settlers, & Missionaries   15 Louisiana Purchase 26 Franklin Roosevelt
5 French in America 16 War of 1812 27 Hitler
6 New England 17 Between the War of 1812 & the Civil War   28 World War II
7 William Penn 18 The Coming of the Civil War 29 Cold War
8 Other English Colonies 19 Civil War 30 The 1960's
9 Founding Fathers 20 After Lincoln 31 The 1970's & 80's
10 Reasons for the American Revolution 21 19th Century 32 The 1980's & 90's
11 Revolutionary War 22 Beginning of the 20th Century

SCIENCE HISTORY

This course deals with the history of the development of science.
Science is a field which is in a constant state of change (unlike religion, in which truth never changes), as available data increases and changes.
This course will show how much scientific theories have changed in the past, as they will always continue to change. It also presents the background behind some of the strange controversies between science and religion that go on.

The course will begin with the pre-Socratic Greek philosophers' attempts to understand the physical world, and will continue through the work of the Alchemists, the beginnings of modern Science, and some current scientific theories. It ends at the end of the 20th century.

Lessons in this course:

1 Before the Greeks 12 The Crime of Galileo 23 More 1800's
2 Early Greeks 13 Middle 1600's 24 Darwin's Theory of Evolution
3 Aristotle & Late Greece 14 Later 1600's in Germany & Holland   25 Later 1800's
4 After the Ancient Greeks 15 Later 1600's in England 26 Later 1800's Controversial
5 After Rome 16 Isaac Newton 27 Early 1900's: Geology & Physics  
6 Alchemy 17 Into the 1700's 28 Albert Einstein
7 Middle Ages to Renaissance 18 Nollet & Franklin 29 Atom Bomb
8 Beginning of the Renaissance   19 Chemistry 30 Cold War
9 Rest of the 16th Century 20 Biology in the 1700's 31 Home Computers
10 Magnetism & Electricity 21 Physics in the 1700's 32 Cold Fusion
11 Galileo & Kepler 22 The 1800's

SCIENCE PROJECTS

These are science activities and projects that have been done with homeschoolers, along with lessons in various fields of physical sciences.

Each lesson takes 2 weeks. The first week is the informational part of the lesson, along with a quiz like the other LPH classes. The second week is the activity or project for that lesson. They may involve acting something out or constructing something out of cardboard, toothpicks, Styrofoam balls, or other materials.

The first week, all the materials that will be needed for the following project will be listed, giving at least one full week to get the supplies if they can't already be found around the house. Common materials will be needed, such as cardboard, mirrors, magnifying glass, protractor, flashlight, string, toothpicks, clay, Styrofoam balls, screwdrivers, etc. -- no special scientific equipment is necessary.

Lessons in this course:

1 Light 12 VCR 23 Molecules
2 Light 13 Remote Control 24 Molecules
3 Mirrors 14 Remote Control 25 Power Sources
4 Mirrors 15 Gravity & Balance 26 Power Sources
5 Sound 16 Gravity & Balance 27 Plate Tectonics
6 Sound 17 Rotation of the Earth & Seasons 28 Plate Tectonics
7 Frequency & Echoes 18 Rotation of the Earth & Seasons 29 Mountains & Earthquakes
8 Frequency & Echoes 19 Solar System & The Sky 30 Mountains & Earthquakes
9 Television 20 Solar System & The Sky 31 Glaciers & Erosion
10 Television 21 Atoms & Elements 32 Glaciers & Erosion
11 VCR 22 Atoms & Elements

EUROPEAN/ASIAN GEOGRAPHY

This covers the geography of Europe and Asia. Every country of Europe & Asia as of 2000 is covered, including all the countries of the former Soviet Union, such a Azerbaijan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
Also included are many cultural regions which are not now separate countries, such as Transylvania, Brittany, and Lapland.
The countries are looked at from a Catholic point of view. Catholic populations, saints, and Catholic rites are mentioned throughout the course.

A world map is needed for this course. Maps are shown in the lessons of the countries, but you need a world map for a good understanding of the exact location of each country in Europe or Asia. It must be a fairly recent world map (i.e. no earlier than the mid-1990's).

Lessons in this course:

1 Iceland 12 Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg 23 Arabian Peninsula
2 Ireland 13 Denmark, Sweden, Norway 24 Lebanon, Jordan, & Syria
3 England 14 Finland & Lapland 25 Iran & Iraq
4 Scotland & Wales 15 Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia 26 India & Indic Countries
5 Portugal 16 8 Western Slavic Countries 27 Southwest Asia
6 Spain 17 3 Eastern Slavic Countries 28 Mongolia & China
7 France, Monaco, Andorra 18 Hungary & Transylvania 29 Eastern Asia (Japan & N.&S.Korea)
8 Italy 19 Romania, Moldova, Bulgaria, Albania   30 Indochina Peninsula
9 Vatican City, Malta, San Marino 20 Greece 31 Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei
10 Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria   21 Turkey & Cyprus 32 Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines  
11 Germany 22 Israel & Palestine

NORTH/CENTRAL/SOUTH AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY

This class covers all the countries of North America, Central America and the Caribbean, and South America, including the cultures, histories, and religion.

A map of North and South America is required.

Lessons in this course:

1 Canada, Eastern Canada 12 Turks & Caicos Islands 23 Honduras & Nicaragua
2 Central Canada 13 Jamaica 24 Costa Rica & Panama
3 Western Canada 14 Puerto Rico 25 Colombia & Venezuela
4 Northern Canada 15 Virgin Islands 26 Guyana, Suriname, & French Guiana  
5 United States: Northeast   16 Around St. Martin 27 Ecuador & Peru
6 United States: South 17 St.Kitts&Nevis, Antigua&Barbuda, Montserrat   28 Brazil
7 United States: Middle 18 Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St.Lucia 29 Bolivia
8 United States: West 19 Barbados,St.Vincent&The Grenadines,Grenada 30 Paraguay & Uruguay
9 Mexico 20 Trinidad & Tobago 31 Argentina
10 Cuba 21 S. Netherland Antilles, Aruba, & Bermuda 32 Chile
11 The Bahamas 22 Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador

CHURCH LATIN

The L.P.H. Latin course is designed for elementary-school-age children who have already learned the most basic fundamentals of English grammar, i.e. what a noun is, what a verb is, what an adjective is, what a sentence is. If the student knows that much grammar, the course will be valuable for him.

This course may be used by children and parents who have no previous knowledge of any foreign language.

Emphasis is given to the Latin Mass, the Vulgate, and Latin prayers. By the end of the year, the child should be able to follow many of the prayers of the Latin Mass.

Each lesson includes a translation exercise, with authentic examples of Church Latin: traditional Catholic prayers, excerpts from the Vulgate and from the Tridentine Mass, and other Catholic samples.

The course is also useful for improving vocabulary and grammar.

A notebook is required, where new vocabulary words can be written each week for review and study throughout the course. (A good deal of study is required for this course.)
Index cards to use as flashcards to help in studying the vocabulary words is also a very good idea.

There are also pages which may be printed out, or copied down into the notebook.

Lessons in this course:

1 Pronunciation 12 Present Tense Singular Verbs 23 Dative Case Singular
2 Gender 13 Present Tense Plural Verbs 24 Dative Case Plural
3 Word Order 14 Irregular verbs: velle & nolle 25 Dative case pronouns
4 Agreement 15 Adverbs 26 Future tense
5 Plurals 16 Imperatives 27 Ablative Case Singular
6 Number Agreement 17 Accusative Case 28 Ablative Case Plural & Vocative Case  
7 Singular Pronouns & esse   18 Accusative case plural 29 Ablative case prepositions
8 Plural Pronouns & esse 19 Acc., Gen., Reflexive, Intensive pronouns   30 Prefixes & Suffixes
9 Genitive Case 20 Accusative case prepositions 31 Passive Voice
10 Genitive Plural 21 Past tense singular 32 Subjunctive Mood
11 Numbers 22 Past tense plural

HEBREW & GREEK ALPHABETS

GREEK GRAMMAR

These courses are simple introductions to the original languages of the Bible.

The alphabet courses teach how to make and pronounce the letters, and teach many words in those languages.

It is very strongly recommended that a student interested in the Greek grammar course take the Greek alphabet course first.

Lessons in the Greek Alphabet course:

1 alpha, beta, gamma 5 xi, omicron, pi 9 phi, chi
2 delta, epsilon, zeta, eta 6 rho, sigma 10 psi, omega
3 theta, iota 7 tau, upsilon 10 names
4 kappa, lambda, mu, nu

Lessons in the Hebrew Alphabet course:

1 aleph, beth 5 yodh, lamedh, kaph, mem 9 qoph, resh
2 gimel, daleth 6 nun, samekh, ayin 10 sin, shin, tau
3 he, waw, zayin 7 tsadhe, pe 10 names
4 heth, teth

greek plural

Regarding the Greek Grammar course:
Grammatical forms are slowly introduced. Simple sentences are also introduced. There will also be vocabulary lists to study each week. There are audio files giving the proper pronunciations in each lesson.
The Greek grammar class is a bit more difficult than most of the other LPH courses.

The goal will be, by the end of the year, to be able to read and fully understand some selected verses from the Bible.

A notebook is required for the lessons.

Lessons in the Greek Grammar course:

1 Gender 12 Genitive Case Plural 23 Imperative
2 Plurals (oi) 13 Genitive Case & Prepositions   24 Participles
3 Plurals (ai) 14 Dative Case Singular 25 Passive Voice  
4 Plurals (a) 15 Dative Case Plural 26 Comparisons
5 Plurals (es) 16 Vocative Case 27 Subjunctive
6 Singular Verbs 17 Numbers 28 Optative
7 Plural Verbs 18 To Be 29 Perfect Tense
8 Accusative Case Singular   19 MI Verbs 30 John 6
9 Accusative Case Plural 20 Second Aorist 31 Our Father
10 First Aorist Tense 21 Relatives & Demonstratives 32 Verses
11 Genitive Case Singular 22 Imperfect & Future Tense

MUSIC

This class will teach the basics of scales and keys, intervals and chords (major, minor, etc.), and also rhythm. The concentration will be on harmony and chords.

It is recommended (but not required) that the student be able to play, by reading notes, some instrument which can play individual notes and chords (such as a piano), to be able to try out what is being learned in the lessons. If a person can play the notes in the picture above, that is all the musical skill that would be necessary.

Students taking the class should already know what letters the lines and spaces of the staff are (Every Good Boy Does Fine).

This is not an easy class. It requires quite a bit of study.

Lessons in this course:

1 Music Terms 12 Note Values 23 Minor Scales
2 Scales 13 Major Chords #2 24 Minor Keys
3 major keys 14 Major Chords #3 25 Minor Key Chords
4 Time Signatures 15 Minor Chords 26 Minor Key Chords #2
5 Intervals 16 Minor Chords #2 27 More About Regular Rhythm  
6 Major & Perfect Intervals   17 Diminished Chords 28 Irregular Meters
7 Minor Intervals 18 Augmented Chords 29 Other Scales
8 Augmented Intervals 19 Cadence 30 Modes
9 Diminished Intervals 20 Inversion 31 Chant Notation
10 Review 21 7th Chords
11 Major Chords 22 7th Chord Inversions

Some of the lessons include composing music.
You can listen to the Musical Compositions that have been written as part of this music class here.

CREATIVE WRITING

This class is only available for the session that begins in September; it is not available for the classes that start in January and run through the summer.

This class is very different from all the other classes.

There are no quizzes, and usually no extensions are given (all assignments must be completed within the time allowed: a week). No final grade is given (since there are no quiz grades to average).

The course is in 3 parts:

The 3-week cycle then starts over again.

I recommend that parents (or an older brother or sister) should go over the spelling and grammar before each assignment is sent!

No student may join the class after the first week's assignment has ended.

The writing lessons are structured: if more than a few assignments are missed during the year, it may become impossible to catch up, and the rest of the writing assignments will not be able to be done.

(For people who took this class last year: The structure of the course will be the same as it before, but the topic will be different.)

You can read the Stories here that were written and completed by the kids who took the first Creative Writing class, during the 1999-2000 school year. Topic: "An Unknown Country"

You can read the Stories here from the 2000-2001 school year. Topic: "Once upon a Time"

You can read the Stories here from the 2001-2002 school year. Topic: "Strange Creatures"

You can read the Stories here from the 2003-2004 school year. Topic: "Invention"

You can read the Stories here from the 2004-2005 school year. Topic: "Ability"

You can read the Stories here from the 2005-2006 school year. Topic: "A Unique Pet"

You can read the Stories here from the 2006-2007 school year. Topic: "Home Sweet Home"

You can read the Stories here from the 2007-2008 school year. Topic: "A Special Book"

You can read the Stories here from the 2007-2008 school year. Topic: "An Important Map"

You can read the Stories here from the 2009-2010 school year. Topic: "The Odd Neighbor"

You can read the Stories here from the 2010-2011 school year. Topic: "Long Journey"

You can read the Stories here from the 2011-2012 school year. Topic: "Secret Passage"

You can read the Stories here from this past year (2012-2013). Topic: "Shipwreck"

You can read the Stories here from this past year (2013-2014). Topic: "Treasure Hunt"

The Next Topic (2014-2015) will be "Rescue"

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